Il mirtillo rosso è oggetto di ricerca sia in Finlandia sia in altri Paesi. In particolare, sono stati studiati il suo contenuto nutritivo, gli effetti sulla salute, le proprietà ecologiche e fisiologiche e la coltivabilità.

Articoli scientifici sui mirtilli rossi:

Beaulieu LP, Harris CS, Saleem A, Cuerrier A, Haddad PS, Martineau LC, Bennett SA, Arnason JT. Inhibitory effect of the Cree traditional medicine wiishichimanaanh (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) on advanced glycation endproduct formation: identification of active principles. Phytother Res 2010;24:741-747.

Bhusal, Aakangchhya (2016) A comparative study of the antioxidant potential and metabolic profiling of lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis idaea) from Northern Manitoba and Newfoundland. Pro Gradu –työ.

Cieslak A, Zmora P, Pers-Kamczyc E, Szumacher-Strabel M. (2012) Effects of tannins source (Vaccinium vitis idaea L.) on rumen microbial fermentation in vivo. Animal Feed Science and Technology 176 (2012) 102–106.

Eid HM, Martineau LC,  Saleem A, Muhammad A, Vallerand D, Benhaddou-Andaloussi A, Nistor L, Afshar A, Arnason JT & Haddad PS (2010) Stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase and enhancement of basal glucose uptake in muscle cells by quercetin and quercetin glycosides, active principles of the antidiabetic medicinal plant. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research Volume 54, Issue 7, pages 991–1003, July 2010.

Eid HM, Ouchfoun M, Brault A, Vallerand D, Musallam L, Arnason JT, Haddad PS. Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) Exhibits Antidiabetic Activities in a Mouse Model of Diet-Induced Obesity. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2014;2014:645812.

Ek S, Kartimo H, Mattila S & Tolonen A. (2006) Characterization of Phenolic Compounds from Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea). J Agric Food Chem 54: 9834−9842.

Erlund I, Marniemi J, Hakala P, Alfthan G, Meririnne E. Ja Aro A. 2003. Consumption of black currants, lingonberries and bilberries increases serum quercetin concentrations. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 57: 37−42.

Heinonen, M. Antioxidant activity and antimicrobial effect of berry phenolics – a Finnish perspective. Mol. Nutr. Food Res. (2007)51:684-691.

Hellström K, Törrönen R, Mattila P. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin. J Agric Food Chem 2009: 57; 7899-790.

Heyman, L., Axling, U., Blanco, N., Sterner, O., Holm, C. & Berger, K. (2014): Evaluation of Beneficial Metabolic Effects of Berries in High-Fat Fed C57BL/6J Mice. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 2014.

Ho KY, J. S. Huang JS, Tsai CC, Lin TC, Hsu YF & Lin CC. (1999) Antioxidant Activity of Tannin Components from Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 51: 1075–1078.

Ho, K. Y., Tsai, C. C., Huang, J. S., Chen, C. P., Lin, T. C. and Lin, C. C. (2001), Antimicrobial activity of tannin components from Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 53: 187–191.

Hokkanen J, Mattila S, Jaakola L, Pirttila AM & Tolonen A. (2009) Identification of Phenolic Compounds from Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.), Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and Hybrid Bilberry (Vaccinium x intermedium Ruthe L.) Leaves. J Agric Food Chem 57: 9437–9447.

Hossain MZ, Shea E, Daneshtalab M & Weber JT (2016) Chemical Analysis of Extracts from Newfoundland Berries and Potential Neuroprotective Effects. Antioxidants 2016, 5(4), 36; doi:10.3390/antiox5040036

Huttunen S, Toivanen M, Arkko S, Ruponen M, Tikkanen-Kaukanen C. Inhibition activity of wild berry juice fractions against Streptococcus pneumoniae binding to human bronchial cells. Phytother Res 2011;25:122-127.

Kylli P, Nohynek L, Puupponen-Pimiä R, Westerlund-Wikström B, Leppänen T, Welling J, Moilanen E & Heinonen M. (2011) Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and European Cranberry (Vaccinium microcarpon) Proanthocyanidins: Isolation, Identification, and Bioactivities. J Agric Food Chem 59: 3373–3384.

Jungfer E, Zimmermann BF, Ruttkat A & Galensa R. (2012) Comparing Procyanidins in Selected Vaccinium Species by UHPLCMS2 with Regard to Authenticity and Health Effects. J. Agric. Food Chem 60 (38), pp 9688–9696.

Kallio J, Jaakkola M, Maki M, Kilpelainen P, Virtanen V. Vitamin C inhibits staphylococcus aureus growth and enhances the inhibitory effect of quercetin on growth of Escherichia coli in vitro. Planta Med 2012;78:1824-1830.

Kilpeläinen, H., Miina, J., Store, R., Salo, K. & Kurttila, M. (2016): Evaluation of bilberry and cowberry yield models by comparing model predictions with field measurements from North Karelia. Forest Ecology and Management 363: 120-129.

Kivimäki AS, Siltari A, Ehlers PI, Korpela R & Vapaatalo H. (2013) Lingonberry juice lowers blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Journal of Functional Foods Volume 5, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 1432–1440.

Koponen J, Kallio H, Yang B, Tahvonen R. 2001. Plant sterols in Finnish blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and ligonberry (Vaccinium vitis idaea) seed oils. Teoksessa: Pfannhauser W, Fenwick R, Khokhar S (toim.). Biologically-active Phytochemicals In Food. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 233–236.

Kumar BJ, Joghee NM. Resveratrol supplementation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A prospective, open label, randomized controlled trial. Int Res J Pharm 2013;4(8):245-249.

Kylli P, Nohynek L, Puupponen-Pimia R, Westerlund-Wikstrom B, Leppanen T, Welling J, Moilanen E, Heinonen M. Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and European cranberry (Vaccinium microcarpon) proanthocyanidins: isolation, identification, and bioactivities. J Agric Food Chem 2011;59:3373-3384.

Kähkönen MP, Hopia AI. ja Heinonen M. Berry Phenolics and Their Antioxidant Activity. J. Agrig. Food Chem. 2001:49;4076-4082.

Lee J & Finn CE. (2012) Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) grown in the Pacific Northwest of North America: Anthocyanin and free amino acid composition. JOURNAL OF FUNCTIONAL FOODS 4: 213 – 218.

Lehtonen HM, Lehtinen O, Suomela JP, Viitanen M, Kallio H. Flavonol glycosides of sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides ssp. sinensis) and lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) are bioavailable in humans and monoglucuronidated for excretion. J Agric Food Chem. 2010 Jan 13;58(1):620-7.

Nurmi T, Mursu J, Heinonen M, Nurmi A, Hiltunen R, Voutilainen S. Metabolism of Berry Anthocyanins to Phenolic Acids in Humans J. Agric. Food Chem. 2009, 57, 2274–2281.

Riihinen K, Ryynanen A, Toivanen M, Kononen E, Torronen R, Tikkanen-Kaukanen C. Antiaggregation potential of berry fractions against pairs of Streptococcus mutans with Fusobacterium nucleatum or Actinomyces naeslundii. Phytother Res 2011;25:81-87.

Rodríguez, A. & Kouki, J. (2015): Emulating natural disturbance in forest management enhances pollination services for dominant Vaccinium shrubs in boreal pine-dominated forests. Forest Ecology and Management 350: 1-12.

Shikov AN, Pozharitskaya ON, Makarov VG, Wagner H, Verpoorte R, Heinrich M (2014) Medicinal Plants of the Russian Pharmacopoeia; their history and applications. A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 154 (2014) 481–536.

Shiow Y. Wang, Rentian Feng, Linda Bowman, Ross Penhallegon, Min Ding and Y. Lu. (2005) Antioxidant Activity in Lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) and Its Inhibitory Effect on Activator Protein-1, Nuclear Factor-κB, and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Activation. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53 (8), pp 3156–3166.

Su Z (2012) Anthocyanins and Flavonoids of Vaccinium L.  Faculty Publications. Paper 3.

Toivanen M, Huttunen S, Lapinjoki S, Tikkanen-Kaukanen C. Inhibition of adhesion of Neisseria meningitidis to human epithelial cells by berry juice polyphenolic fractions. Phytother Res 2011;25:828-832.

Toivanen M, Ryynänen A, Huttunen S, Duricova J, Riihinen K, Törrönen R, Lapinjoki S, Tikkanen-Kaukanen C. Binding of Neisseria meningitidis Pili to Berry Polyphenolic Fractions. J Agric Food Chem 2009:5; 3120–3127.

Wojnicz D, Kucharska, AZ, Sokół-Łętowska A. Kicia M & Tichaczek-Goska D. (2012) Medicinal plants extracts affect virulence factors expression and biofilm formation by the uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Urol Res 40: 683.

Finnish institute for health and welfare
Based on the Fineli Food Composition Database Release 20 (June 27, 2019)
Lingonberry, Cowberry Vaccinium vitis-idaea